The reality if confuses with the fancy, without any limitation. The people were considered heroes in the same plans of fairies, witches, monsters, giants, etc. To this still add the love to justice, spirit of sacrifice self-denial, veneration and respect to the woman. The first edition of this workmanship dates of 1508 for Garci’a Ordnez de Montalvo, who was Spanish, but the Portuguese demand the workmanship as of them and attributed to the Vasco de Lobeira and/or Joo de Lobeira. The problem still is in foot, without solution. 4.3.PROSA DIDACTIC: Also known as it chats doutrinal of the cut, its writings are of scarce literary importance.

They show that the kings and princes of the dynasty of Avis, had stimulated the development of chat and had contributed with passion in this task. They are works of didactic and moral matrix, original or in translation. Between the authors we have: D. Joo I, infant D. Peter and D. Duarte.

4.4.TEATRO POPULAR: Gil Vicente was the founder of the Portuguese dramaturgia, its aperfeioador, raising it a height never seen and exceeded until today. He was the imitated author more of the sort, therefore it created a vehicle and more direct efficient of communication between the author and the public. He was the introducer of the new theater in the world. In the Humanismo a new classroom worried about the money and the wealth appears: the bourgeoisie, reflecting trend to the individualism. The culture, before privilege of the clergy and the nobility, becomes lica. The thought humanist represented a chain of aspirations guided for the purely human ideals, in opposition to the misticismo that predominates in the average age, a time that the medieval dogmas had hindered this aspiration, made to reviver then the classic subjects of the antiquity Greco-Latin. The previous period everything turns the God, for this received the name of Teocentrismo, the current period everything is turned to the man and received the name from Antropocentrismo.

Pedro Calderon

The Governor of Buenos Aires then is Dark brown Mauritius de Zabala that does not accept the orders and only when it has the news that Vicente Gives Whistles Gives Fonseca, Captain of the Colony, realises a precarious lusitano establishment in this bay, it is decided to undertake the march and foundation. It is born direct Montevideo consequence of the occupation and development of this small citadel and factory. In January of 1730, the first theater representation in the Eastern territory is realised, " The Arms Of the Hermosura" of Pedro Calderon de la Barca, in honor to the wedding of Inheriting prince Don Jose of Portugal and Infant of Castile Do6na Maria Ana Vittoria. In 1735 the lusitana city is surrounded by the Spanish forces. Was denominated it, the Site of Salcedo, by the Buenosairean Governor Miguel de Salcedo who decides to attack it blood and fire. Governor Antonio Pedro de Vasconcellos of heroic form resists, he maintains unconquered and he makes raise it to the site the 16 of September of 1737.

During this government the port of Colony – key point from entrance to South America reaches to lodge fifty ships of diverse flags, dedicated to illicitly introduce merchandises towards the Virreinato of Peru. After 27 years of excellent government, one of the impelling majors of its military, commercial and cultural life must retire ill. During all their management, several were the attempts, diplomats and the military, to make disappear the wonderful colony. Its phrase is well-known: " The Colony is of as much importance that would not change it by but advantageous equivalente". Already without Vasconcellos, the idea arises to exchange this city by something that it interests to Portugal. Company/signature in Madrid, in 1750, the Treaty of Exchange. The Colony of the Sacrament in exchange for the seven towns Eastern missionaries.

Old Greece

The culture of the old Greek world Greece played a great role in the world in the world occidental person. We do not only inherit the scientific knowledge of Pitgoras, Eraststenes, Euclides, Tales, Archimedes and the great philosophers with Scrates, Plato and Aristotle. In the years of 461. C and 429 a.Cfoi considered? age of the gold? of Atenas. Therefore at this time Pricles appeared that governed during thirty years and also transformed Atenas of the cultural point of view. Examples of its cultural investments are distinguished the Partenon temple to the Atena goddess. Its conceptions of beauty had been portraied in the workmanships of sculpture, painting and architecture. In its workmanships it had spirit of balance and harmony.

The influences of the thought had marked the theater, philosophy in such a way and also the scientific field. Beyond Homero the Pindaro poets are distinguished, who enaltecia the Olmpicos Games, Hesodo, that wrote the work and the days and poetiza Safo. 2) Poetry Since the times most remote of history Greek had the bards. These were ambulant poets who covered all city reciting or declaiming poems. In its narratives it had dither of the Greek people, its facts, its land and its heroes.

Two workmanships if had detached in this period, the Iliad, that counts launches them of adventure and action of deuses and the men in the lendria War of Troy and the Odyssey, that tells the adventures of the Ulisses hero when returning to Greece after the War of Troy. These are two great poems that are attributed the Homero. 3) Origin of the Greek theater the theater in the parties of celebration of the Dionsio god. This theater was accessible to all also was a form to educate as to go to the school. The nature had deep subjects approaching all human being. Until today the Greek theater influence the current world.


Jean-Paul Sartre was born in the city of Paris, to twenty and one days of the month of June in the year of 1905, already presenting fragility in its health since much child. It was born in a bourgeois family and it could initiate the studies of Philosophy to the nineteen years of age. According to Almeida (1988), Sartre studied in the Superior Normal School of Paris and taught Philosophy in the 2s secondary school woollen Havre and Paris until the beginning of World War II; except during its stay in Berlin (1933-1934), to study Fenomenologia and the workmanship of Heidegger. Into 1934, when returning Paris, with the aid of Beauvoir, already loving its, transforms its notations into a romance, Nausea, a philosophical romance, nor abstract nor didactic, that it searched the proper sensation of the existence. After that it published the Wall and it was praised by the critical one; however when publishing Sketch to a Theory of the Emotions did not get size success. Between 1940 and 1941 it served the army in the Lorena regiment as meteorologista.

Made prisoner for the German army, it was in Trves, where it knew the workmanships of Marx. Using itself of illicit way, certified false doctor who obtained to buy, it could return for France. It established then a Group of Studies of Intellectual Resistance called ‘ ‘ Socialismo and Liberdade’ ‘ (Reale and Anistieri, v. 7, P. 227), in set with Maurice Merleau-Ponty. Also in the year of 1945 it established the Magazine Les Temps Modernes (Japiass and Marcondes, 2006). Still in 1941 it came back to work as professor, leased an apartment next to the one to Beauvoir and initiated its book more celebrates: The Being and the Nothing, published in 1943.

Sartre communicated its thought in romances, written for theater and in workmanships of philosophical nature properly said. These workmanships had been taken to the public per approximately two decades after World War II and influenced the customs of the society of that time. In the two decades that had preceded its death it carried through some trips politics, for example, for Cuba, where one met with Fidel Castro. In the decade of 1970 it passed for health problems, for its option of ‘ ‘ life qumica’ ‘ (mesacolina). Faleceu to the fifteen days of the month of April in the year of 1980, in result of one has attacked cardiopath. The burial almost attracted twenty and five a thousand people.

Athenian Tragedy

It seems to be an illusion to think that all the tragedies are tragic, that is, that it has a critical one that it will be able to recognize them or not tragic, according to some criterion of ' ' tragicidade' '. To this form, we approach in them to a very complex question on the concept of tragic and if it would englobaria what he brings the tragedies, or the tragedy being a literary creation, would be subjects to the ability of its author. The literary critic/philosopher or even though the proper reader would be the last ones to diagnosis the tragic one in a tragedy. This approach of concepts between tragic tragedy and leaves in them to understand that in the tragedy it will have to contain the tragic one. For Most, it is not accidental that the tragic term is freed of its linking with a literary form and generalized to apply to the condition human being at the accurate moment of history, in the turn of century XIX, when the sort of the tragedy leaves of to be a dominant literary way. Currently, tragedies in the theaters are almost not staged, but, in our roads, them they are produced always.

Already the tragic word tries to define the state/invariant character of the man. In the literary critical philosophy and the old ones it seems not to have had nothing corresponding to the modern philosophical notion of ' ' trgico' ' as a basic dimension of the experience human being, but in its place only theories of ' ' tragdia' ' as a specific sort. Perhaps either therefore that the story of Aristotle on the historical evolution of the tragedy if refuses to mention the traditional inventor of the sort: Tspis, therefore, when trying suprimiz it, Aristotle makes the sort to seem Athenian occidental person and, more inevitable and human less.