The aim of sociology of everyday life was the discovery of "the methods used by people in Society for everyday action, that is, an analysis of social rules and prejudices of their formation, some people interpret speech, behavior, gestures of others. Third, the birth stories everyday life have influenced ideas K. Geertz, who saw in every culture "stratified hierarchy of structures, consisting of acts, symbols and signs." Explanation of these acts and characters that make up everyday typed human practice, the interpretation of a web of values that the man himself wove, serves this sotsioantropologa way of knowing. The explosion of interest in the "sociology of everyday life and turning it into a self-direction within the social sciences gave rise to similar changes in historical knowledge. Promising "anthropological approach" to study the past before the modernist concepts "Have felt" the French historian M.
Block, and L. Febvre. They offered to see a reconstruction of the "everyday" element of recreating history in its entirety. This task is successfully fulfilled their supporters and successors, grouped around established in 1950 the journal "Annals". School of Annales, and especially younger contemporary of M. Bloch and L.
Febvre – F. Braudel to understand the past as a slow alternating periods of "" long-duration (long dure), in which was included daily-home component. The history of everyday life played a part in these proceedings makrokonteksta life of the past. Continuing the traditions of the first two generations of the Annales school (in Russia, For example, A. Gurevich) put in the center of his research "