With the imperialism, conflicts, a constant dispute between powers that the division of continents took, today known had been created as influence zones; already the capitalism in turn brings great transformations how much the reality and when knowing of geography. A studious monarch, King Leopoldo II, in 1876, obtains the presence of geographic societies of some countries, next to famous diplomats and explorers in the International Conference of Geography that was carried through in Brussels, Leopoldo had for objective to show the importance of geography as one to know, and the reasons of that the same one if would become one to know to give I sanction in set the governments, with this the imperialism advances on Africa, Asia and Oceania. The imperialism left of being organized, as the capitalism the same starts to introduce science in its productive process, in relation the industrial production; expeditions were destined the exploration and mapping of lands. The history of geography is studied through registers made for the proper one man, is not possible to have progress in this study, if not to leave of what he has yourself in the hands, therefore is not possible to have history if the same one to leave of the nothing. In the woollen thought Blache, geography studies the places, not them men, the society in turn places in guideline the relation, man and nature, and the space thus produced by this relation. The German school, treading its way for the scientific status studies two ways of geography: geography politics statistics and pure geography. Great Ratzel a scholar of geography is magic when Darwin creates? theory of the natural election of the species? , where an intense fight for the space happens, when strongest it dies, wants to say, to one fight for the space that is without its respective dominant one; Humboldt that also contributed for geography in the German school, had emphasis in the ecological geography that studied the nature as a unit, and involved the man as well as part of this; already Ritter in its historical geography, studies conception of world, having as starting point the man. .