In addition, the ethnological studies of century XX reaffirmed this relation between language and man, by means of empirical confirmation of the relation that exists between the language and the culture or society; the call hypothesis of Sapir-Whorf established that the real world of each is modeled, always, of unconscious form by the linguistic habits of the group to that it belongs, that is to say, that the language forms our experience of the world. So that the language became, in the first decades of century XX, in one of the fundamental subjects of study of the philosophy, when attributing him the shaping capacity than is the human being or when considering it as the form in which it express the knowledge. In summary, the philosophy of the language considers three fundamental basic realities: the speakers, the language and the world. Its final mission is to clarify the relations that among them settle down. Language and culture Between language and culture a relation of reciprocal interchange occurs.
On the one hand the language is a cultural product, that reflects a culture partly, but, on the other hand, the language is condition of the culture and contributes to create it. The language is a form of the culture, perhaps most universal of all and, anyway, first that distinguishes immediate and net to the man of the other beings. The connection between language and culture was accentuated especially in the scope of the German idealismo. The language, according to Hegel, is " the present time of cultura". More info: Robert Rimberg. The Humboldts and, later Karl Vossler emphasized that the linguistic activity represents to objetivar itself of the subject that, when acting by itself, gives form to the cosmos, and after to have acted, contemplates its product like something different from itself, ready to mold itself in new expressive acts. The language is considered like a creation, art realised by a free spirit.