National Archaeological Museum of Athens is the largest museums in the country and a major center for the study of ancient Greek culture. The Museum was founded in the late 19 th century. Today the museum occupies the neo-classical mansion in the street Patison. The most ancient exhibits of the museum are finds of the Neolithic, which were discovered in various parts of Greece. Neolithic people lived longer in the caves, and in the organized settlements. While the basic form economy have been breeding and agriculture. Vanessa Marcil has similar goals. People used stone and bone tools to cultivate the land, building, spinning and weaving.
An important part of the prehistoric collection consists of items Cycladic civilization. So-called civilization, which shaped and dominated the Cyclades from the beginning of the third millennium and the end of February – the third millennium bc Cycladic culture is very distinctive, with unique to her original appearance. The white marble of the island of Paros Cyclades islands inhabitants were made vessels and figurines idols. These idols are the most characteristic feature of Cycladic art. They have been simplified, but sought and most properly convey the proportions of the human body. The pearl of Cycladic art are the frescoes from the island of Tyre.
During the excavations conducted near the town of Akrotiri on the island of Tyre, was discovered a huge prehistoric city. The walls of houses of this city were decorated with frescoes. Today the museum is an entire exhibit, which is devoted to digging the city. The most brilliant collection of the museum is its collection of Mycenaean. In the Mycenaean hall of the museum, visitors can see a mask of pure gold, jewelry, rings with images of different subjects, Mycenaean swords with hilt of gold, statues made of ivory. Are very rich collection of sculptures of the archaic and classical periods. Of the most impressive exhibits include a statue of Poseidon. The statue was found in the sea near the island of Euboea. The product is dated 450 bc year, and its creator was, likely, the famous sculptor Kalamis. Also, you can select the bronze sculpture of a boy from the island Antikira and magnificent bronze statue of the . The collection is complemented by many fine statues and relief from Epidaurus, Ramnunda and other places in Greece. Another great exhibit of the museum – a statue of Athena Varvikon. This is a small copy of the statue of Athena by Phidias, one that stood in the Parthenon until it was taken to Constantinople. National Archaeological Museum houses and other interesting collections, such as the collection of small bronzes and Egyptian collection.