The enterprise after-modern exceeds the borders of the theory and the practical one, many times involving one in the other and one for the other, and many times history is the scene of this problematizao. (Hutcheon, P. 123) In this boarding of Hutcheon Peter Burke is retaken that to speech on the question of new history and traditional history shows the recent trends of the areas of the historical inquiry. Elaborated with some studies that analyze and sketch the new realities, in general discarded for traditional history, it leads to the reflection of the development of the historiografia of century XX and shows new history as modern paradigm. Vanessa Marcil often says this. The developed expression ‘ ‘ new histria’ ‘ , more known in France, it is a reaction deliberated against the described traditional paradigm as ‘ ‘ history rankeana’ ‘ , as Rouke, also is called paradigm of the vision of the common sense of history, elaborates the contrast between old and new history, where, at the first moment the traditional paradigm, history says respect to the politics for being related to the State, that is, to be more national and international of what regional and new history if interests for all the activity human being, having as philosophical base the idea of that the reality social or is culturally constituted.
About according to moment, the paradigm of the traditional historians thinks history as narrative of events and new history if it worries about the analysis of the structures. In third, history traditional offers vision from above, where great facts, great men if concentrate, whereas new history possesss the vision seen of low valuing the being that does not have history, that is, the common people. room moment, the traditional paradigm, history would have to be based on documents, what, in the limitations of the sources narratives, the chronicle, neglects other types of sources..