Many articles on the internet about unrealistic high gasoline prices, the perturbed motorists, on the impact of high prices on the economy. Even seen a few articles on the unpretentious structure the cost of gasoline. But for some reason did not find any article that could be traced price trends and the reasons for the speakers. Therefore, experts decided to look AvtoGlobal and write your article, which tried to reflect factors that influenced the the final cost of fuel. If we look at graphs of oil prices, we see that since 2002, oil rose in price, and in July 2008 reached a maximum $ 147 per barrel.
At the same time gasoline AI-95 rose to 6.70 USD (with rate 5.0 UAH per 1 USD). In early February 2009, crude oil reached a point less than $ 37 Once oil started to become cheaper on world markets, we two or three months waiting for the price of fuel will begin to decline at gas stations, but domestic oil traders were in no hurry to lower the cost penyaya to two-month supply of fuel purchased. A price reduction after the intervention began AKMU that required to reduce prices. Later in the process of reducing the cost of interrupted Yu Timoshenko, who was then Prime Minister of Ukraine. Thanks to the fall in world oil prices and the administrative resource, in August-September 2008, gasoline has decreased from 6.70 USD to 4.60 USD per 1 liter of A-95. Ukrainians on the cheap petrol skating is not long. There is always a need to replenish the state budget. And then in the head of Tymoshenko there is a "brilliant" idea: if you bought gasoline at 6.70 UAH, and now it costs 4.60 USD, you can increase the excise tax on fuel.
So in December, was increased by 83.3% excise tax. This is one reason for the rise in gasoline prices in late 2008. The second reason – the change of the dollar. Jay A Schwartz is actively involved in the matter. In late December rate ranged 7.50 USD. – 10grn. With the increase in excise tax and an increase in the dollar gasoline grown in a few short months from 4.60 USD to 6.00 USD per liter. Since mid-2009, world oil prices began to rise, and accordingly went to the rising cost of gasoline. Russia regularly increases export duties on oil exports and petroleum products. All this has led to an increase in fuel costs. Oil traders do not have to wait 2 months selling stocks purchased at the old prices, but began to increase the cost in about 3 weeks. A-95 in July 2009 was worth 6.90 – 7.10 UAH. In 2010 the government decided on another increase in the excise duty of 110 euros to 132 euros per tonne, which is 20%. Since the first January 2011 excise tax, once again rose, this time by 40%. Calculations show that share of excise tax in the cost of oil has increased over the period 2008 – 2011 years, more than 3 times! Summing up the results are the following reasons for increasing cost of oil: currency fluctuations; increase fees; increase share of excise duty for more than 3 times. You can certainly add another factor – not the desire to reduce oil traders own appetites in the amount of profit. But this is, as they say, is another story.
Each car owner hopes his car will serve him faithfully for a long time. As proved by practice alone is not enough hope, and without regular inspection and replacement of oil and other vital to your Vehicle fluids can not do. In most cases we pay vnimanielish quality oil in the engine and tried from time to time, depending on the number of kilometers driven to produce a replacement, but on others are not so important in our opinion, we liquids, then why zapamyatyvaem. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Russian car owner for a short period of time can turn into a new car and old plain. Lets look at the new 'importance' of the car to work or other liquid coming frost. Here, for example, the windshield freezing liquid. In the summer most of us do not even pay attention to her level, not to mention concentration.
If even a look into the tank, it usually ends dolivaniem inspection of container for windshield fluid tap water from the tap. Therefore, there is nothing udmvlyatsya, when the arrival frost, pressing the washer, expecting to see a stream of washer fluid in, we only hear in response to unpleasant gurgling pump fluid. It is not difficult to guess the cause of this problem is the low concentration of windshield fluid. So if you all summer to do so given the above, I recommend not to take risks – the old nezamerzayka must be drained, you can use it next summer, and a new fill. Save with the washer and diluted with distilled water concentrated in larger proportions than the manufacturer recommends not advise it – in the washer with a save on repairing and replacing the alluvium more lose. Otherwise, with the arrival of the first frosts your windshield washer pump for first fails, moreover, the movement of more than 60 km / h in a tank washer fluid, even at zero temperature will be immediately freeze on lobovomstekle car. Please note the following – manufacturers washing liquid on the packaging usually indicates the lowest temperature, that is the night. When printed on the package temperature washer fluid is already beginning to move in kristalloobraznoe state, that is cold. When the air temperature by 5-10 above this figure takes the freezing liquid gelled. For this reason, if air temperature in cold weather does not drop below minus 20 degrees, nezamerzayka must be rated for the temperature to 10-15 degrees below normal, that is -30-35 C.
Shock absorbers firms Bilstein (Germany) and Kayaba (Japan) – are considered a one of the best shock absorbers. These manufacturers have extensive experience in the production of shock absorbers and an excellent reputation. Kayaba damper struts and Bilshtayn installed on many automobile factories in production cars. (Similarly see: Jorge Perez). By using the latest technologies and modern equipment helps to make and improve dampers, which are unlikely to there are equal! Kayaba shock absorbers and Bilstein, even after 50 thousand kilometers, retain their extinguishing properties, remaining at the original new amortizatorov.Pri that their value can not leave anyone indifferent motorist, the price stands at times less at times in comparison with its original 'brothers'. So what does all this shock and what function it performs in the suspension vehicle? Ever wonder? Perhaps every of us who have asked the question – What do you think plays a crucial role as regards to safety when driving? : Meet the – air bags, tires, belts, etc.
But do not forget the shock, because of the functions of these elements of automotive suspension depends on how good is the contact wheel and the road! .. When 'dead' car shock absorbers will be rocking motion when running over road irregularities. Wear shock occurs due to the fact that the leaking seals and valves, with the important role played by the fact the state of the stem surface. Consequently, traction significantly (significantly) reduced by wear of shock absorbers. As a result we get – increased braking distances, a worse handling car, in fact, increased wear of suspension and transmission nodes, uneven wear of tires, there is discomfort when moving. Do not forget to check your shock absorbers At least in the simplest way, push the car to make efforts on its angle to the bottom, defective damper should be rapidly these variations pay, giving the car to make just one vibrational motion (up and down), if the damper is faulty then the machine will just swing by the spring.
Refrigerator Refrigerator (from Lat. Refrigeratus – chilled, refrigero – cool), a vehicle with a refrigeration unit for the transport of food in refrigeration. In road transport, as refrigerators use refrigerated trucks – vehicles, trailers and semitrailers with thermally insulated bodies. Exterior and interior panels made of duralumin their sheets or galvanized iron. As Insulation is usually used foam and aluminum foil with air spaces.
Compression refrigeration machines such refrigerators are driven by independent internal petrol engines combustion. Range of temperature adjustment from 9 to -18 C. Payload refrigerated vehicles of 2.5 tonnes and refrigerated semi-trailers, up to 5 tons Refrigerator, range of equipment that is used to obtain and keep in refrigerated rooms, bodies or substances at temperatures below ambient temperature. X y. includes one or more of the chillers, as well as the necessary auxiliary equipment (systems of energy, and water supply systems, instrumentation and control, etc.), ensuring the normal operation of these machines.
Chill with a J.. served to the consumer either in the form of liquefied or compressed refrigerant (direct cooling) or as a refrigerated cooling fluid (coolant cooling). By its very cold in H.. conventionally divided into small (cooling below 30 thousand kcal / h), medium (from 30 thousand to 500 thousand kcal / h) and large (over 500 thousand kcal / h). Installation of vapor compression refrigeration machines are located indoors in a building where the consumer is cold, or in a separate building – cooling station. X y. with absorption and steam jet engines often mounted outside the building. In H. at. widely introduced automation, which primarily comes down to maintaining a constant temperature (by changing the cold-install). Regular servicing refrigerated (refrigeration) in the service center is a necessary condition for long-term operation of the unit.
A bit of a tire How would a modern, powerful and high quality no matter the car, the possibilities of its engine, transmission and all other components of the design is implemented through its contact with the road tires. Tyres auto mean much more than shoes for man. Poor quality, do not conform to the season, fast loads, trucks and specificities of pavement tires can undermine the most progressive achievements car manufacturers. In fact, what is the use of several hundred horse-power engine, if it turns idly on the ice wheels wrapped in summer tires? Good and picked up by season tires mean, first of all, your comfort and safety! Good tires allow you to move safely and quickly, so – this time saved, which can sometimes cost more than any money. So to save on quality tires just impermissible. Tyre choice is enormous, but the alarming spread of prices for the same product in appearance. Price for tires of the same car can vary at times, depending on the manufacturer.
It should be a clear idea understand what it means to the concept of ‘good quality tire. ” Offer several features: 1) Has a small stopping distance. 2) Strong adhesion 3) Excellent handling on any road surface 4) The tire is soft, and therefore the car easier to cope with irregularities in the pavement. 5) Reduced weight tires 6) Low noise 7) Long lifespan With us you can always buy tires best suited to your needs. Winter and summer tires, tires, adapted to ride on any road, and most importantly – a model for many brands are cars, so you do not need to go to specialized stores – you can buy tires from us. Even if you do not know which bus is better only available in a particular case whether or not to put on the car alloy wheels or not – information from our site will always give an answer to these questions, so that the choice of tires and wheels for you will never have a problem. The most Car quality footwear for any size wheel, winter and summer tires – all you will find us!