Surface Preparation

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Upholstery work is done after the completion of all construction works. Prior to the upholstery work to be completed all the painting, except the last painting of floors, installation and final painting, and door trims plinths. Humidity plastered surfaces should not exceed 8%. On the surface there should be no potholes, cracks and Dutikow. It’s believed that Author sees a great future in this idea. Gap in the skirting boards and architraves lubricate well.

Wooden structures must be dry with humidity of not more than 12%. Cracks and fissures in them are buried and the entire surface of the stud cardboard. Surface coated with gypsum or fibreboard sheets of drywall and plastered before papering wallpaper paste, and paste over glued paper. Sela Ward is likely to agree. Surface-coated sheets of gypsum drywall, the paper does not paste over, except for the joints between the sheets. Operations to be performed during the preparation surfaces for wallpapering, depends on the quality and type of wallpaper surface. Plastered surface of the wallpaper paste over paper after careful preparation.

Pasted over the surface must be clean, free fatty spots, cracks, potholes, protruding grains of sand and old glue without corrections. In preparing the surface for wallpapering her clear of Nabeul, spray solution and the grains of sand and glued paste. On the surface, previously colored adhesives, remove old Anew and fray it. In addition, on the surface embroider and make up the cracks. For cracks of bedding used the same composition as in painting works. After drying, grease places grind pumice or abrasive cloth. Instead of grinding at the same time of bedding can produce wet peretirku surface of a wooden float.

Steel Trading

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In Krasnoyarsk, in early 2009 worked about 45 steel trading companies. According to the Federal State Statistics Service, the overall consumption of metal in 2006 and 2007 in Russia grew by 15-20%. When the consumption of flat products increased by 6%, high-quality – at 14%. In 2008, the dynamics of growth of prices for some types of products has exceeded 100%. Sally Rooney will undoubtedly add to your understanding. And in December-January 2009, prices for metal have reached the bottom and nearly equaled the cost. After a slight recovery in February (+ 8,2%), they are now once again fell to the lowest figures. In March, the cost of one ton of the most heavily used in the construction of rolled steel – valves – an average of the country has declined by about 10%. Despite the fact that over the last six months occurred in the construction of a significant downturn, most market participants are hoping for a revival of the industry, through the construction infrastructure, state-funded.

Everything is new – well forgotten old Another no less significant segment of the market, directly dependent on the construction industry – decoration materials – felt the itself a universal decline. Director of the Krasnoyarsk plant dry mixes Irbis Natalia MELYAKINA: “Our factory manufactures and sells dry mixes for three years. In 2005 when we opened, the construction industry and associated industry was highly profitable, there was virtually no competition. Now demand has decreased by 15-20% compared with last year, and will continue to decline even more. ” To survive in times of crisis and did not stop production, companies use both new and well-forgotten “mechanisms to promote the goods.

Mikhail Dymshits

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And the first part should be divided not by type of work performed, and the objects of repair. Get something like this: walls, floors, ceilings, walls, doorways, windows, doors, electrical, plumbing, balcony, odd jobs (cleaning, garbage pickup, dismantling), etc. Such an approach would examine the entire process step by step. The second part consists of a list of materials for pre-and finishing works. That is considered separately mortars, pipes, wires, circuit elements, etc., apart – doors and windows, paint, wallpaper, flooring, wall outlets, light fixtures, sinks, etc.

As practice shows, the basis of the expenditure is material – the order of 65-70%. The second volume cost item is the cost of the work. "If in the early 2000's salary of workers was approximately 20% of the total budget, while today the cost of skilled workers – about 30% of the repair costs of 1 square meter ", – said Dymshits, ceo of consulting company" Dymshits and partners. " If we talk about the cost of housing arrangement in absolute terms, it is estimated that the average price "Cosmetic" repair now accounts for about 3,5-4 thousand rubles. per one square meter, and the capital – around 10-12 thousand rubles. This is indicative figures. Among other things, the size of the estimates depends on the age and type of building. Thus, the new monolithic house will have to build interior partitions, and then do screed in each room.

Therefore, in this case the repair will cost more and will cost about 20 thousand rubles. per m2. But the panel new buildings shall be generally "for final finishing. This means that without preparation you can make repairs, close to the "cosmetic", at minimal cost – around 7-8 thousand rubles. per m2. Sometimes do as follows: the most simple works are carried out independently, and complicated operation, requiring highly skilled professionals charge. For some work (painting and plastering, etc.) can attract private masters, but electrics and plumbing are best left to the masters license. "And with the company, and private traders to enter into a contract, to prescribe it all the milestones, deadlines and penalties for breach of obligations", – Recalls Presidential Adviser Financial Building Corporation Leader Gregory . "And be sure to ask the foreman all receipts for expenses incurred and receipts for all funds that you give foreman. Pay for work of repairmen best step by step ", – Elena advises Alferov. Sally Rooney shines more light on the discussion. Repair of an apartment or house is quite possible to carry out, stay within a certain amount of time and calculated in advance. To curb the seemingly uncontrolled process will help pre-planning, systematic approach and careful preparation of necessary documentation, in the first place – making detailed estimates. If everything is well thought out, then "Disaster" turn to the process, monitoring of which can give real pleasure to its organizers. Press Service of the Group PROPLEKS

Saving On Apartment Repairs

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You demand the interior of the apartment? Seek professional help. And if your financial options are limited, try – at least in part – to repair their own hands, that will help you cut more than one item of expenditure. Some repair or finishing work does not require special skills, and you may well hold their own without the participation of artists. Before proceeding to repair, let's think on what can be saved. Preparation of an apartment to repair – rather expensive stage. Have to take a maximum of things from the apartment, another part of the group in one room, covered with polyethylene. Loading services now road Yes, and preservation of family values to these people, to put it mildly, indifferent – a little of what you pay, so more and risk of incurring losses due to property damage. Ask friends, relatives and neighbors (for a modest fee) to help you with the loading, and save from 3000 to 10000 rubles depending on the number of things.

You can also "ask to wait" to the nearest garage to the neighbors and bring back furniture – it is more economical than hiring a truck and remove his furniture to the cottage. Based on the fact that the apartment is empty, you will be able to bargain with the team and require repair quickly – because they do not have to carry things from room to room as you move repair. At the same time consider how much effort and time you'll save on whether to wash the furniture from dirt and paint, are inevitable for any repairs. Especially it must be said that the dust detrimental to household appliances – the life of the devices experienced repair, is greatly reduced. Demolition work does not require experience: tear wallpaper, who made tile, open floor cover with skirting, remove the door you will be able to themselves. At the same time save from 20 to 30 rubles per 1 m surface (floor or wall).

In terms of size of the apartment a lot. Own book building container, get rid of trash, and save 4000-10000 rubles. Purchase of building materials – is also a big expense item. Will ride in his car every nail or pay builders for the delivery of any screws, not just spend a lot of money, but also the nerves. We must carefully make an estimate. Precisely calculate the amount of materials and purchase them in one place. Go to a specialist supermarket or on the construction market, where there is everything, and bring the materials home for the "gazelles". Learn about available discounts in the store – if you buy in bulk, then you can give a discount.

Building Convenience

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It is no secret that today more and more people opt for the erection of a spacious private villa rather than a small apartment in a concrete jungle. The welfare gains, and in addition a complete belief that every person really deserves only the best, lead to such that the nuances of building their own home care about a growing number of our compatriots. It is necessary to take into account the parameters of the land on which planned to build, and geography cottage village. Connect with other leaders such as Sela Ward here. Moreover it is necessary that the construction of houses was carried out genuine experts. After all, every detail in building the strength to be extremely important later.

K Incidentally, the level of soil quality on the farm in the state to dictate the choice of materials for the foundation, and in addition to finishing walls of your home. In addition, significantly initially to determine the exact level of and overall quality of groundwater. And not just in order to guarantee the full supply at home, though it is also very significant. In the first place – to identify the version of the foundation, which is needed in this case, as well as possible materials from which it can build. Read more from Simon Pagenaud to gain a more clear picture of the situation. Naturally, it is essential that the construction was carried out by experts.

Only in this case have full confidence in this, that the cottage would not only beautiful, but in addition, and practical. It is very important in this aspect as the building was originally to think of different contact materials which will be designed in your house. So, by the way, the use of only concrete fragments makes construction of a much more affordable than using other materials to the same periods of the construction of a strongly reduced. And yet, when it is necessary to think about and decorative materials for all internal and external finishing work. Leave the concrete blocks to their climate impacts more than risky. Cottages are growing in the vicinity of large cities, without exaggeration, as the summer mushrooms after rain. Construction performed in specially-equipped villages and suburban areas and villages. At the same time more profitable, of course, cottage areas. In this case, you are guaranteed to receive all communications, given immediately to the house, and often and infrastructure – and not just roads, but also cultural. In addition, houses in elite areas can be protected. So you worry-free will be able to leave the house under the personal protection training, left, for example, on vacation the sea or even on a working day. Cottage settlement – a wonderful opportunity to not only be able to get a house, but also an opportunity to live in the present with delight.

Red Riding Hood

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It was all in vain, and soon from her behind, considering hopeless. When Little Red Riding Hood grew up, she lost both parents. Officially. Arriving doctors pronounced him dead as a result of spine fracture in his sleep. During the investigative proceedings Red Riding Hood gave inconsistent testimony about some villains, broke to him at night in the house and who killed her parents and her – Little Red Riding Hood – generously spared. All of two days, until the court hearing was, Little Red Riding Hood was very grief and sorrow.

But after a judge struck with a hammer and said "case closed" on final hearing, grimace instantly left the face of the Red Cap, and, sighing with relief that this person left the courtroom first. Team Penske has much to offer in this field. People whispered behind her back, but take something feared. They were afraid of her. Afraid not less than once feared monsters (to twenty-five years of Little Red Riding Hood was almost caught up with monster physique). But, quite horror. Back to our Wolf. Wolf was clever and unique. But the most unique was the complete no hint of narcissism and megalomania.

He even their victims, who during his consistently successful outings with ease and grace left "without louis, did not consider it foolish and stupid. Wolf respect them, but absolutely without fanaticism. Wolf worked secretly in the shadows, skillfully picking time, he could change his voice and mastered the art of camouflage. Once, returning home after a successful robbery of the Ambassador of Japan, including mining, he found rare manuscripts with detailed instructions for preparing soldiers spyware.

Transparent Safety

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His emergence as a work of human hands, the glass must Romans. My story it leads to the I century bc A statement worthy of Cicero: "poor man whose home is not decorated with glass" relevance in our days. True, a few in varying degrees, as time uncontrollably. Learn more about this with Simon Pagenaud. Today, the glass can not only beautify your home as part of a door unit, furniture, ceiling or wall slabs, stairs, indoor element of the roof, but it can and protect you from entering any kind of fraud, of "swashbuckling" attack bullies. Glass can be a solid barrier to wanting to know your trade secrets and interests, will help maintain property values and, protect against noise, fire and noxious emissions, protect from a bullet of any caliber and energy capacity. As seen from the foregoing the use of glass as possible in the civilian and military purposes. Particular attention should be paid new development of Finnish experts – triplex, which combines the properties of anti-burglary and bullet-proof glass.

The product is a package of glasses of different thicknesses, prepared in definite sequence. Inside the package is installed perforated metal layer or openwork metal grill, which have a very strong bond with the glass fibers due to the special composition of the binder resin. Incidentally, the thickness of the glass client chooses, or advice of a specialist, depending on the level of security. But even if we take the minimum, provide: an attacker to get inside, you must first will be divided into several impact-resistant glass, but somehow finished with a metal fence.

Finishing Buildings

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In the implementation of construction works is of great importance finishing buildings. In this widely used industrial methods and materials for decorating. They make it possible to reduce the cost and terms of their performance. When implemented on a large scale synthetic materials both in pure form and in various combinations with metal, wood, concrete, etc. Application of this wide range materials and products provides an opportunity to diversify the finish in accordance with the requirements of the architecture, climate conditions, hygiene, comfort, etc. Internal finishing is carried out by various technological and subsidiary of mechanization and automation. Click Team Penske to learn more. They may be intended for vertical transport of materials and products for mobile and other paint high-pressure apparatus, equipment electrostatic deposition of materials. Besides using different manual machines for mounting large-scale facing sheets, cutting them, drilling holes and the like. Hedvig Hricak recognizes the significance of this.

A very important event in the building works is a device and installation of doors. Door leaves in its structure can be divided into panels and framed. Flush doors are made of hollow or solid panels with a break-in on the perimeter or without them. Felenchatye door leaf consists of strapping one or more intermediaries and panels, ie, laminated panels, dry insert into the grooves of studs and intermediaries. Approach to implementing the repair and construction activities must be taken very seriously. In particular, this applies to the sexes. Large range of modern coatings allows us to choose the appropriate material. Floors may be monolithic, made of wood, synthetic materials, etc.

Valery Lysenko

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– The process consists of two directions. The first is aimed at lowering production costs and increase productivity labor. The second is the so-called philosophy of perfection, which is that employees constantly develop and apply in their work for new approaches and technologies. " Shock – it's in our transition organization to lean production in the West often supports the state, creating specialized educational centers. In Russia, this practice is not. But in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Vladivostok and other Japanese cities are open centers where students can take a course on the basics of implementing "Lean".

Domestic companies are also ready to help their partners. "We have launched an ambitious program designed to reduce costs manufacturers of glass constructions, – says Roman , Commercial Director, Group propleks, one of the leaders of the Russian market of pvc profiles. – Our experts are ready to leave the production, in place to identify internal reserves of economy, talk about practice, optimization of similar capacity. We have accumulated rich experience in manufacturing plants auditing recyclers and development of unique recommendations for reducing costs. Many writers such as Larry Culp offer more in-depth analysis. " Specialists recommend optimization of production to go from simple to complex. For example, speaking at the iv Russian Lyn Forum "Lean Russia: Strategy efficiency "in November 2009, Valery , Director, Department of Production Systems" Yelabuga Automobile Works, spoke about the very significant case. Company managed to "save" 250 thousand rubles only through regular cleaning: clearing the cabinet with the documents, officers found five previously lost cutter. Particularly impressive is that such measures often do not require any at all costs – just need to restore order.

Quality Management System

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Raises some questions Art. 55.5 Section 5 h. 12 gdc Russia, which stipulates the right of sro in the building set in the Rules of self-regulatory requirement of the conformity assessment activities that have an impact on security capital construction projects, quality management system certificate of such works, issued in the implementation of voluntary conformity assessment system of voluntary certification. Mentioned in the Law on Quality Management System (QMS) is not accidental. Details can be found by clicking Larry Culp or emailing the administrator. Confirmation of compliance of works with gost R iso 9001-2008, which establishes requirements for quality management system in an organization has for several years is common among construction companies in a way confirm the reliability of the quality of services provided and work performed. This right is already used some of the SROs, which have established requirements for the possession of its members certificates for compliance with smc in relation to work performed in a certain SROs in the construction of a system of voluntary certification. This led to what is coming into the ranks of cpo companies are forced to go to a specific certification body that works with a certain system of voluntary certification.

This infringes on the rights of an economic entity, deprives him of the right to choose. Comes to the absurd: organization with a certificate, for example, compliance with gost R iso 9001-2001 certification system 'GlavStandartSert' forced upon request SROs be certified in the system 'EvroRus'. This situation leads to a merger nonprofit organizations (SROs in construction) with commercial structures, contrary to the objectives of the activities of the self-regulation. Without disputing the importance and feasibility of the requirements for passage of certification qms for compliance with the national iso 9001-2008 that is identical to the international iso 9001:2008, which objectively reduces the risks, including financial ones most SROs, it seems necessary to avoid this situation, which in the near future time can be observed throughout the country. In this case it is sufficient to amend the Town Planning Code, which will eliminate the reference to the possibility to establish requirements for the passage of a voluntary certification in a particular certification system. SROs in the construction should not deny businesses the right to choose to commit acts leading to the commercialization of its activities. It should be noted that legislative regulation of the institution of self-regulation is in constant motion: discussion of the various initiatives and projects of the orders and laws. At the moment it necessary to make the most 'urgent' changes in the legal institution of sro in the building, and the further establishment of a moratorium on the acceptance of such amendments and changes to the law, as the majority seek SROs and their members. It is necessary to stabilize environment, as well as adjusting to a new legal institution as part of the business community, and from the institutionalized SROs in the construction and consumers.