The Dolphins

For people who have direct contact with marine mammals, the danger of microbial infection through a variety of microorganisms that occur usually in an aquarium or sea water environment, as well as by micro-organisms that belong to the normal flora of the marine mammals, as well as in addition by pathogenic micro-organisms, where marine mammals can fall ill. Infections in humans can also by indirect transfers from the Blas transported aerosols, water contaminated with urine and feces of the animals or be triggered by the touch of food containers. Bacterial infections: wounds of marine mammals have been found include pathogens: Streptococcus-> such as sore throat, Scarlet fever, pneumonia staphylococci including meningitis, pneumonia, kidney –> and Wound infections) Pseudomonas-> trigger of respiratory diseases as Legionnaire’s disease or chronic lung infections of Aeromonas-> diarrhoea, wound infection, urinary tract infection Erysipelothrix-> skin irritation Vibrio-> including cholera, wound infection, severe sepsis (at dolphins living in captivity in Hawaii were 15 Vibrio spp. Isolated species annotation of Lolita rescue project)-> Clostridium-> including tetanus, Mycobacteria, skin infections, tuberculosis, viral infections: sea mammals will also develop viral infections and potentially also for the people, infections, of which it is assumed that they… caused by viruses many of these pathogens are dangerous…

Although many of these agents recently have been identified, the diseases that cause them, are not new… A smallpox-like virus was found in one from a dolphin kidney cell line won… Different group of herpes viruses, viruses were isolated. In some diseases such as rabies, one would think that the risk of transmission through a Marine mammal practically does not exist. However, there is a rabies documented at a wild seal. All marine mammals can transmit rabies and persons who deal with wild marine mammals and come into contact, have to be aware of this risk when planning their prior preventive vaccinations or bite wounds according to handle. …ein rotavirus similar agent was isolated by a sea lion. Rotavirus stomach intestinal infection can trigger in humans, leading to severe diarrhea in infants.

Fungal disease: Dolphins isolated many micro-organisms, which is actually not expected in a salt water environment. Blastomycose (affects fungal disease, the skin, mucous membranes, lymph nodes and internal organs) and other fungal diseases of marine mammals constitute a potential health risk for trainers and caregivers. It is known that various species of sea mammals died from common yeast infections and it is documented a case, when a coach infected by a dolphin with Blastomycose… Usually different Candida species (yeast fungi, which can cause infections of the mucous membranes and skin) is found in the water of aquariums (Dolphinariums).