The new aesthetic vanguards appeared and the world if it frightened with the new languages unprovided of rules. Target of critical and in ignored part, the Week well was not understood at its time. The Week of Art if incases in the context of the Old, controlled Republic for the coffee oligarchies and the politics of coffee-with-milk. The capitalism grew in Brazil, consolidating the Republic and the So Paulo elite, this total influenced for more traditionalistic the European aesthetic standards. Its objective age to renew the artistic and cultural environment of the city with ‘ ‘ the perfect demonstration of what it has in our way in sculpture, architecture, music and literature under the point of view rigorously atual’ ‘ , as it informed the Paulistano Post office, agency of the party So Paulo governmetalist, in 29 of January of 1922.

The Week of Modern Art, also call of Week of 22, occurred in So Paulo in the year of 1922, days 13, 15 and 17 of February, in the Municipal Theater. Each day of the week was dedicated to a subject: respectively, painting and sculpture, poetry, literature and music. The president of the state of So Paulo to the time, Washington Luis supported the movement, especially by means of Ren Thiollier, that requested sponsorship to bring the artists of Rio De Janeiro Pliny Salgado and Menotti Del Pichia, members of its party, the So Paulo Republican Party. The Week of Art represented a true renewal of language, in the search of experimentation, the creative freedom of the rupture with the past and until corporal, therefore the art passed then of the vanguard, for the modernismo. The event marked time when presenting new ideas and artistic concepts, as the poetry through the declamation, that before was alone writing; the music by means of concerts, that before only had singers without accompaniment of symphonic orchestras; the shown plastic art in screens, sculptures and mockups of architecture, with bold and modern drawings. The adjective ‘ ‘ novo’ ‘ it passed to be marked in all these manifestations that something considered at least curious and of interest. They had participated of the Week consecrated names of the Brazilian modernismo, as Mrio de Andrade, Oswald de Andrade, Victor Brecheret, Salty Pliny, Anita Malfatti, Menotti Del Pichia, Guillermo de Almeida, Sergio Milliet, Heitor Villa-Wolf, Tarsila of the Amaral, Tacitus of Almeida, Di Cavalcanti among others, and as the one of the organizadores intellectual Rubens Borba de Moraes who, however, for being.