Why the romance Baslio Cousin, of Ea de Queirs, can be considered a naturalistic romance? Here it is the question that makes in them to lean over for on this book and related workmanships, to try to demonstrate, as a realistic workmanship also can be considered naturalistic. As theoretician-critical recital, four texts had served in them of reference next for the elaboration to this article, namely: ' ' The Realistic Romance and the Naturalista' Romance; ' – Massaud Moiss; ' ' The Naturalista' episode; ' – Nelson Werneck Sodr; ' ' Ea de Queirs' ' – Massaud Moiss; ' ' Realismo and Naturalismo' ' – Domcio Proena Son. Our article will be divided in three sections. The first section is called What it is Naturalismo, will historiaremos regarding this moment literary and its relation with the Realism. In the second section, intitled: The Naturalismo in Portuguese Literature, we will discourse on the characteristics of the Naturalismo in Portuguese Literature. In the third section, we will have as heading, Baslio Cousin and the Naturalismo, in this section we will detach by means of the text and context the naturalistic presence in the above-mentioned workmanship. The edition for us used was: Ea de Queirs, Baslio Cousin. So Paulo: Publishing company Martin Claret, 2005.
WHAT IT IS NATURALISMO The transformation of the realistic attitude ahead of the life in a literary process, the naturalismo, did not occur for force of fortuitous circumstances. Fit the wide racionalista movement of century XIX, it translated the requirements of a society where the bourgeois ascension if completes and denounced its contradictions. (SODR, 2006, P. 425) In the second half of century XIX, the society passes of a phase where the last bourgeoisie and people were joined to defeat ' ' bastions of feudalismo' ' , for a phase where the bourgeoisie meets of a side and the proletariat of the other, this situation is cause of the Industrial Revolution, that at this moment shows to its effect and consequncias, SODR adds: The naturalismo, at a time where the bourgeoisie and proletariat if shocked, looked for to bring to the fiction, as to the critical one, the new pictures that the European existence presented, …
In this environment, the neoclssica conception of art, conducted for the slight knowledge of example and virtue, could not make sensible. Without speaking that the proper Carioca rustic society badly created chances of work for painters. The majority of its workmanships has documentary character, mainly because, leaving of an iconographic representation, we find indications social that not they require explanations, what it does not happen with literal documents. The analysis of its productions standes out its intention to portray with precision the scenes where he was inserted and its vision of the aboriginal reality. Probably it portraied what it he was ' ' estranho' ' to the eyes, then, its meaning ' ' real' ' he was deducted, being masked for the preconceived concepts of the artist, whom it looked to mold the scene in understandable registers, for it and the society which if destined. The workmanships of Debret that portray aboriginals detach the vigor of this people seminu, even so, many times, perceive idealized neoclssicas feies, portraying them as ' ' noblemen selvagens' '. He has a concern in showing the modern world with the diffusion of the civilization and the progress of the humanity.
As example of the displayed one, we will use the workmanship of ' ' Bugres, Province of Sta. Catarina' ' In this workmanship we see the representation of a tribe in diverse economic activities, as the collection of fruits, the navigation and hunting. In the central figure the artist portraied an indian dress with a shirt and using a necklace with what they seem to be seeds and a knife, loads a spear, arrows and an animal dead? a ounce youngling. Two women in second plain are harvesting fruits of a tree. They dress a species of tnica, they have long, imprisoned hair in coques with one tiara and present paintings in the faces.
If there was to ever the historical King Lear, his memory has faded into mythology. Llyr and his sound Manannan ploughs Celtic ocean-gods. Legend remembered Lear a warrior daily pay-Christian king. In the old story, Lear asked his three daughters to whether they loved him. Two claimed you of only extravagantly, while the third said she loved him only to daughter should. Lear disinherited the honest to daughter. The story appears elsewhere in world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the honest to daughter says she loves to her to father much she loves salt.
Lear went you live with his first to daughter, bringing hundred followers. She demanded that he reduce his followers you fifty. Lear then went you live with to other to daughter, who reduced to number you twenty-five. Until Lear went back and forth between the daughters he was alone. Then the third to daughter raised an army, defeated the Wedge 02 to other two, and restored him you his kingdom. (The story appears in Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded to her to father monarch and was deposed by the sounds of to her sisters. He took story, which had happy ending, and gave it sad ending.
He transformed fairy-tale about virtuous and wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took story of wrongs being righted, and turned it into the story of painful discovery. He included passages, which deal with ideas instead of advancing the plot. Shakespeare has retold the old story a vehicle will be strikingly modern message. Many people to consider King Lear you be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of godless universe in which our only hope is you be kind you one to another, you will recognize the real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors.