Summary: The culture constitutes one of the wealth of bigger notabilidade in Brazil. Laws and mechanisms had been created throughout the years to stimulate the development of this dynamic and strategical sector, over all with respect to the cinema, whose trajectory denotes the faced difficulties to evolve. The BNDES is one of the responsible ones for the oferecimento of instruments of financial support to the audiovisual. These instruments, by means of bibliographical research and emphasis in the dialtico method for understanding of the reality, had been investigated in the present article, what it provided a clarification of its action and the reason for which still today, lack of half supplying to the people the due access to the cultural goods. Perhaps check out Vanessa Marcil for more information. Word-key: BNDES; Brazilian cinematographic politics; financing; laws. 1. INTRODUCTION the cinema (abbreviation of ' ' cinematgrafo' ' , of the Frenchman cinmatographe) little arrived at Brazil after its invention in the subterranean of the Grand Coffee, in Paris, where the Lumire brothers had carried through the first one paid and public exhibition of a series of ten films, with duration of 40 the 50 seconds each. Thus, the first registered exhibition dates here of 1896, in Rio De Janeiro. To know more about this subject visit Robert Rimberg. One year later already existed in the River a fixed room of cinema, ' ' Hall of Paris' New features; ' , of Paschoal Segreto, having the first national films been twirled between the years of 1897-1898.
In accordance with Bobbio (1987, p.32), the extension of the suffrage brings the individual for the interior of the debatepoltico, constructing, thus, conscientious citizens. However, when aparticipao of this suffrage if becomes> as who is apt the tomardecises on behalf of the collective and on which procedures. This study seprope to argue only the interferences of a democratic model of votocompulsrio. It has innumerable arguments after and against the obligator vote, but esteestudo it has as objective to only cite some more excellent points for you arrive final consideraes here proposals. For the construoterica of this present study, they present the following authors mainly: Noberto Bobbio with its> its set deregras. A country never is equal to another one, but some constataes can serfeitas when comparing similar very different countries or adopted in countries most of the time developed e, ovoto obligator adopted generally in the developing countries in especialos of the South America.
OBrasil adopts the obligator vote ‘ ‘ since that the direct vote had instituted, secretoe universal …, this tradition already comes since 1932’ ‘ (TO SOUND, 2004, p.109). NAmrica of the South, except in the Colombia that, second To sound ‘ ‘ it adopts the votofacultativo, was the only country of Iberian settling of the continent that nosofreu military intervention when, in the recent history of these countries, practically all its governments had been taken by regimes antidemocrticos’ ‘ (2004, p.112). For the same author: The countries queadotam the obligatory vote have its associated history the military interventions, coup d etat and authoritarianism politician, with exception of Costa Rica; noBrasil, the institute of the obligator vote was the service of the autoritarismopoltico, either in the long dictatorship of Getlio> of a scale up to 167 possessing 7,38 points.
The Estado (19/06/2011) it discloses that, in Brazil, more than 10 million people live with R$ 39 for month. 0 country has the US$ GIP 2,194 trillions, a external debt of 310 billion dollar and international reserves esteem in S$ 390,0 billion. These data demonstrate that the origin of the poverty in Brazil is not in the lack of resources, but in me the distribution of the existing resources. Few withhold very and many do not withhold almost nothing. The average income of 10% richer of the country is 28 times bigger of what the average income of poor 40%. In U.S.A., for example, the ratio is of 5 times; in Argentina, 10 times and in Colombia, 15 times. Although the country according to Folha.com to gain 19 millionaire per day and to possess its 137 a thousand millionaire and 30 bilionrios, 70% of the wealth of the country are intent in the sEstados ones of Rio De Janeiro and So Paulo. According to Morishita, what we have in Brazil, in the truth, is a problem of income distribution.
' ' We will only understand which is our difficulty when to understand the problem of the distribution of income in this pas' '. The question, insisted it, is not to generate wealth, but to make the adequate distribution of this wealth. ' ' Twenty percent of the population richest of Brazil gains 25% more than 20% of the population poor; in Holland this difference is of 5%; in India, it 5% do not arrive. Our problem is not to grow economically, but to distribute what already temos' '. This inaquality, added, is the bedding of me the income distribution, is the significant one of the poverty in the country. 35% of the Brazilian population live in poverty state and 15% live in a state classified technical as of boundary line poverty.